Marlon Miguel is a FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia) researcher at The Centre for Philosophy of Science of the University of Lisbon (CFCUL). He holds a double PhD in Fine Arts (Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis) and Philosophy (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro). His PhD research focused on the work of Fernand Deligny and he is responsible for the organization and classification of Deligny’s archives stored at the Institut Mémoires de l’édition contemporaine (IMEC). Furthermore, he has published several papers based on his work as well as his dissertation entitled À la marge et hors-champ: l’humain dans la pensée de Fernand Deligny (2016). His current research focuses on the intersection between contemporary philosophy, art, anthropology, and psychiatry. He also practices contemporary circus and makes practical movement research.
His recent publications include ‘Cartes, objets, installations: le problème de l’art dans la pensée et dans la pratique de Fernand Deligny’ in La Part de l’Oeil, [n° 33-34, 2019/20]; ‘Representing the World, Weathering Its End. Arthur Bispo do Rosário’s Ecology of the Ship’ in Weathering: Ecologies of Exposure, ed. by Christoph Holzhey and Arnd Wedemeyer (Berlin 2020); ‘Psychiatric Power Exclusion and Segregation in the Brazilian Mental Health System’ in Democracy and Brazil Collapse and Regression, ed. by Bernardo Bianchi, Jorge Chaloub, Patricia Rangel, and Frieder Otto Wolf (London 2020).
Affiliated Project 2020-21
This project proposes to critically inquire the notion of ‘disorder’ and to de-essentialize it, looking at the use of artistic media in alternative radical psychiatric practices such as those of François Tosquelles, Fernand Deligny, Nise da Silveira, and Franco Basaglia. The latter, in particular, very influenced by Edmund’s Husserl phenomenology, proposes a ‘reduction’ of the concept of pathology in order to look at the subject´s singular and concrete experience of suffering, their current state experienced, rather than their ‘condition’. These authors also displace the treatment from the figure of the psychiatrist towards the action of the milieu itself.
Finally, they were realized through a multifaceted use of media and material practices of mediation. In collaboration with art critic Mário Pedrosa, Nise da Silveira insisted on the autonomy of form, paying close attention to the work of art, while simultaneously criticizing the rationality justifying the exclusion of the mentally ill. The ‘mad’ are seen neither outside modern art nor as a model of transgression, but, as Pedrosa puts it, ‘they see everything simultaneously from inside and from outside’. In a certain sense, da Silveira and Pedrosa anticipate Foucault’s well-known claim from The History of Madness that ‘there is no madness where there is work [of art]’.
Milieu and Umwelt in Alternative Clinical-Artistic Practices
ICI Project 2018-20
The current project examines how radically alternative clinical practices conceive healing as an intervention on the environment (milieu and Umwelt) rather than on the subject. The starting point of this project is the critical perspective of Fernand Deligny’s thinking and practice with young maladjusted adolescents and children with severe autism, as well as his relation to Antipsychiatry, ethology, and cartographic practices.
Deligny perceived the prevailing paradigm of inclusion, the basis of modern social and medical institutions, as a violent form of normalization that considers ‘abnormal’ subjects as ‘human capital’ to be turned into efficient workers. In opposition to this paradigm, Deligny considered social and clinical work as the creation of a favorable environment where ‘cases’ may evolve. Particularly through his work with autism, he developed an approach based on the experimental use of cameras, spatial installation, and cartography.