Pearl Brilmyer is Assistant Professor at the University of Pennsylvania. She received her Ph.D. in Comparative Literature from the University of Texas at Austin and has previously taught the University of Oregon, New York University, Pratt Institute, and the Brooklyn Institute for Social Research.
Pearl’s work lies at the intersection of the history of philosophy, science, and literature with a focus on 19th-century England. Her current book project concerns the philosophical implications of the disarticulation of character from plot at the end of the nineteenth century. Other research interests include: theories of will and drive in 19th-century German philosophy, questions of temporality in feminist and queer theory, and materialisms old and new. She has recently published in PMLA and Representations, and she is currently editing a special issue of GLQ: A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies entitled “The Ontology of the Couple” with Filippo Trentin and Zairong Xiang. Her work has previously been supported by the DAAD and the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin.
The Intimate Pulse of Reality:
Sciences of Character in Fiction and Philosophy, 1870-1920
ICI Project 2014-16
This project tracks a series of literary interventions into scientific debates of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, showing how the realist novel generated new techniques of description in response to philosophical problems of agency, materiality, and embodiment. In close conversation with developments in the sciences, writers such as George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, and Olive Schreiner portrayed human agency as contiguous with, rather than opposed to, the pulsations of the natural world. The human, for these realist authors, was not a privileged being, nor even a discrete entity, but rather a node in a web of interconnected life forms.
Focusing on works of English fiction published between 1870-1920, I argue that the historical convergence of a British materialist science and a vitalistic Continental natural philosophy led to the rise of what I call a “dynamic realism,” a realism attentive to the dynamic forces productive of character. Through the literary figure of character, I argue, turn-of-the-century realists explored what it meant to be an embodied subject, how qualities in organisms emerge and develop, and the relationship between nature and culture more broadly.